Monday, 1 October 2018

Keynote Talk : Nursing Education 2019

Understanding and implementing EBP to foster and maintain safe and competent care by Dr.Rabie’e Al Rashdi, Oman Academic Accreditation Authority, Oman

Abstract: Several definitions exist for the ‘Evidence Based Practice’ (EBP) concept, but the most commonly cited definition, according to Boyce et al (2018), comes from Dr. David Sackett in his 1996 letter in BMJ on what evidence-based medicine is and is not. In the letter, he described EBP as “the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients (Sackett, et al, 1996). According to Mackey and Bassendowski (2017), Evidence Based Practice evolved from Florence Nightingale in the 1800s to medical physicians in the 1970s and the nursing profession in the late 1990s. It began as an idea to provide better outcomes for patients who experienced deplorable, unsanitary, conditions and developed from this foundation to a widely communicated and critically needed practice for fostering and maintaining safe and competent care. The critical need of Evidence Based Practice stems from the fact that, despite its development and wide interest to adapt it in nursing and other healthcare professions, there is still a wide variation in health care practices that ultimately lead to unnecessary wastage of resources, wasted care delivery time and efforts, as well as poor treatments and nursing care outcome (Youngblut and Brooten, 2001). In response to the aforementioned status quo of Evidence-Based Practice, commissioners and providers of health care were encouraged to implement it in order to utilize resources, improve the outcome of treatment and care delivery and meet public demands for cost-effective and high standards of care. In this keynote presentation, the author aims to answer the following key questions: what is Evidence Based Practice and what is it not?; why is Evidence Based Practice needed in healthcare?; what is the best way of implementing Evidence Based Practice?; what are the hindering factors in the implementation of Evidence Based Practice?; and how to overcome the hindering factors and enhance the implementation of Evidence Based Practice?.

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