Thursday, 19 July 2018

Nursing Practice : 5 Exciting Technologies

·Wireless Communication Systems

Wireless badges or headsets coordinate what were before different specialized strategies —, for example, telephones and pagers — into one consistent innovation, lessening reaction times. Remote correspondence frameworks can likewise be "brilliant": they can consequently course calls about specific circumstances or patients to particular attendants or speak with sensors and therapeutic hardware to report patients' wellbeing information. These systems can also alert various health care professionals in case of emergencies as well as foster collaboration and communication in time-sensitive situations.


· Real-Time Location Services

Medical caretakers regularly should find fundamental gear, costing them time that could be spent on more squeezing nursing obligations or notwithstanding backing off reaction times amid crises. A chip or code inserted in therapeutic hardware utilizing indoor situating frameworks can promptly find the thing. Such frameworks can likewise eliminate burglary or abuse, sparing nursing divisions cash on substitution or repair.
Continuous area administrations can likewise be utilized with patients who may experience the ill effects of psychological instability or dementia by furnishing them with a wristband or identification implanted with the innovation. Electronic fringes can be made to set off an alert when patients cross them — keeping them from straying and conceivably harming themselves or others. These administrations can likewise be incorporated into medical attendants' remote correspondence frameworks to actuate a crisis call catch if their physical security is undermined.


· Wireless Patient Monitoring

Chips and sensors can be incorporated into beds, covers, and bedding cushions to screen and provide details regarding weight, pulse, development, and more amid rest, filling in as an additional layer of perception. This innovation can enable patients to maintain a strategic distance from bedsores and falls and cautions medical caretakers to any adjustments in patients' status, regardless of whether emotional or moderate building.


 · Smart TVs

Once only a device for understanding amusement, TVs with savvy innovation would now be able to give data on up and coming medicines and convey directions for prescription or post-release mind. This enables patients to wind up more taught and drew in with their wellbeing status and administration. They can likewise utilize the brilliant TV to report torment levels and different pointers, while the framework can send non-clinical solicitations, (for example, orders for dinners or crisp sheet material) to the suitable office or individual, amplifying the productivity of medical caretakers' opportunity and endeavours.


· Point of Care Technology

Attendants and other human services experts may wear or convey innovation that sweeps a standardized identification, which instantly sends essential patient data and restorative history —, for example, a rundown of current prescriptions, test results, and hypersensitivities — to a journal or cell phone, or even a wearable gadget, for example, Google Glass. Rather than pulling data from a few documents, graphs, and messages, attendants can instantly observe lab comes about, reports from other social insurance experts, for example, specialists or physical advisors, and past responses to methods or medications, enabling them to rapidly make or change a clinical care design as required.

Tuesday, 10 July 2018

Anahid Kulwicki, Ph.D., RN, FAAN Honorable Keynote Speaker

Dr. Anahid Kulwicki, Ph.D., RN, FAAN 
  1. Dr. Anahid Kulwicki joined the Lebanese American University in September 2016 as the dean of the Alice Ramez Chagoury School of Nursing.
  2. Prior to joining LAU, Dr. Kulwicki was Dean of the College of Nursing and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Boston.
  3. Associate Dean for Research and Director of the Ph.D program in nursing (2010-2012)
  4. Director of the Graduate Nursing Program at the Florida International University College of Nursing and Health Sciences (2008-2010)
  5. Served as the deputy director of the Department of Health and Human Services of Wayne County, Michigan
  6. Director and health officer for the Department of Public Health, Michigan
Education

B.S.N, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
B.S.N, College Health Practitioner, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
M.S.N, Nursing Care of Children, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
Ph.D., Nursing Synthesis, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA

Scholarly Interests

Anahid Kulwicki earned her B.S.N at the American University of Beirut and M.S.N and doctoral degrees from Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis. Her program of research focuses on the health of immigrant, refugee and minority populations. A hallmark of her work has been creative collaboration between public and private institutions across multiple disciplines. She established the first health research department for the Middle Eastern community in the US to promote health research and to serve as a conduit for other researchers. In addition, she established and arranged for funding for the first Arab community-based programs for HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, infant mortality, and cardiovascular diseases. Her programs have been evidence-based and effective in improving the health care of the underserved immigrant and refugee populations.
 Her recognized expertise led to her appointment to the Michigan Governor’s Task Force on Minority Health. Institutions such as NIH, W. Kellogg, Blue Cross Blue Shield, and numerous local and state government agencies have supported her research.

Selected Publications

  • Kulwicki, A., and Darwish, S. (2016).  Health policy, politics, and reform. In G. Harkness &, R. DeMarco (2nd Eds.), Community and public health nursing: Evidence for practice (pp. 46-61). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.
  • Kulwicki, A., (2015).  On-Line Course Modules for RN to BSN. In Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc., Transcultural Nursing.
  • Kulwicki, A., (2015). Domestic violence in Arab American community: a silent crisis. In M. Amer & G. Awad, Handbook of Arab American Psychology. Accepted for publication.
  • Kulwicki, A., Ballout, S. (Spring 2015).  Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) In Arabl American Refugee And Recent Immigrant Women. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 22 (1), (9-10).
  • Kulwicki, A., Ballout, S., Kilgore, C., Hammad, A., & Dervartanian, H. (2015). Intimate partner violence, depression, and barriers to service utilization in Arab American women. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 26 (1) (1552-7832), 24-30. DOI: 10.1177/1043659614524000.
  • Randolph, M., Elbaum, L., Wen, P., Brunt, D., Larsen, J., Kulwicki, A., & De La Rosa, M. (2014). Functional and psychosocial status of Haitians who became users of lower extremity prostheses as a result of the 2010 earthquake. Journal of Prosthetics And Orthotics, 26 (4) (1040-8800), 177-182.
  • Kulwicki, A., Randolph, M., Elbum, L., & Graczkowski, R. (2014). Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in post-earthquake Haitian adults with traumatic amputations. Journal of Nursing Care, 3 (7). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2167-1168.S1.006
  • Kulwicki, A., Aswad, B., Ballout, S. (2010). Barriers in the utilization of domestic violence services among Arab immigrant women: perceptions of professionals, service providers & community leaders. Journal of Family Violence, 25 (8), 727-735. DOI:10.1007/s10896-010-9330-8.


Saturday, 7 July 2018

Health Education



WHAT IS HEALTH EDUCATION?
  • Health education is a social science that draws from the biological, environmental, psychological, physical and medical sciences to promote health and prevent disease, disability and premature death through education-driven voluntary behavior change activities.
  • Health education is the development of individual, group, institutional, community and systemic strategies to improve health knowledge, attitudes, skills and behavior.
  • The purpose of health education is to positively influence the health behavior of individuals and communities as well as the living and working conditions that influence their health.

WHY IS HEALTH EDUCATION IMPORTANT?
  • Health education improves the health status of individuals, families, communities, states, and the nation.
  • Health education enhances the quality of life for all people.
  • Health education reduces premature deaths.
  • By focusing on prevention, health education reduces the costs (both financial and human) that individuals, employers, families, insurance companies, medical facilities, communities, the state and the nation would spend on medical treatment.

WHAT DOES A TRAINED HEALTH EDUCATOR DO?
  1. Assess individual and community needs
  2. Plan health education programs
  3. Develop health education programs
  4. Coordinate health education programs
  5. Implement health education programs
  6. Manage health education programs & personnel
  7. Evaluate health education programs
  8. Write grants
  9. Build coalitions
  10. Identify resources
  11. Make referrals
  12. Develop social marketing and mass media campaigns
  13. Organize/ mobilize communities for action
  14. Handle controversial health issues/content
  15. Advocate for health-related issues
  16. Encourage healthy behaviour
  17. Use a variety of education/training methods
  18. Develop audio, visual, print and electronic materials
  19. Conduct research
  20. Write scholarly articles


Monday, 2 July 2018

Proton Therapy

What is Proton Therapy

Proton therapy is an advanced form of external radiation therapy that uses high-energy proton beams rather than traditional X-ray beams to irradiate a tumor. The protons are precisely aimed at cancerous cells, attack their DNA and induce their destruction. While X-rays are highly penetrating electromagnetic waves that deliver most of their dose before they reach the tumor and tend to affect surrounding healthy tissue, protons deposit most of their energy at a precise and measurable depth that can be perfectly tailored to the tumor location. The absorbed dose of protons increases gradually as it enters the body, suddenly rising to a peak when the protons are slowed down and stopped. This phenomenon is called the Bragg peak and allows to significantly reduce the negative effects on healthy tissue. With this inherent characteristic of protons, it is thus possible to control the radiation dose, to delimit the irradiated region, to identify and to treat the tumor with unmatched precision, efficiency and safety.


How does it work?

The best way to understand how proton therapy works is to look at the physics and engineering inside the proton accelerator, or the synchrotron, and the beam delivery system.
  • The proton begins its journey at the ion source. Within fractions of a second, hydrogen atoms are separated into negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons.
  • The protons are injected via a vacuum tube into a linear accelerator and in only a few microseconds, the protons’ energy reaches 7 million electron volts.
  • Proton beams stay in the vacuum tube as they enter the synchrotron, where acceleration increases their energy to a total of 70 million to 250 million electron volts, enough to place them at any depth within the patient’s body.
  • After leaving the synchrotron, the protons move through a beam-transport system comprised of a series of magnets that shape, focus and direct the proton beam to the appropriate treatment room.
  • To ensure that each patient receives the prescribed treatment safely and efficiently, the facility is controlled by a network of computers and safety systems. The gantry can revolve 360 degrees, allowing the beam to be delivered at any angle.
  • As protons come through the nozzle, a custom-made device (the aperture) shapes the beam of protons, and another custom-made device (the compensator) shapes the protons into three dimensions, delivering them to the depth of the tumor.
  • At maximum energy, proton beam travels 125,000 miles per second, which is equivalent to the two-thirds the speed of light.
  • From the hydrogen canister to the patient, a proton typically travels 313,000 miles. 

Friday, 29 June 2018

Cancer Treatments

Cancer is a group of diseases including strange cell development with the possibility to attack or spread to different parts of the body. There are various kinds of cancer treatment. The sorts of treatment that you get will rely upon the kind of tumor you have and how advanced it is. A few people with tumor will have just a single treatment. Be that as it may, a great many people have a mix of treatments, for example, surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. When you require treatment for disease, you have a long way to go and consider. It is typical to feel overpowered and confounded. In any case, conversing with your specialist and finding out about the sorts of treatment you may have can enable you to feel more in charge.

1.Surgery
Surgery is one of the cancer treatment methods, in which surgeon removes cancer from your body. It completely removes the tumour or cancerous tissue from a specific place in the body. Surgery is most effective at completely removing cancer that is at an early stage, is only in the place where it started (localized) and hasn’t spread to other parts of the body.

2.Radiation therapy
Radiationtherapy (also called radiotherapy) is a cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. At low doses, radiation is used as an x-ray to see inside your body and take pictures, such as x-rays of your teeth or broken bones.

3.Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer by means of chemicals that kill cancer cells. These “anti-cancer” drugs destroy cancer cells by stopping their growth and reproduction. Unfortunately, normal healthy cells are also affected, and this causes the well-known side effects of chemotherapy. The normal healthy cells have an organised cell structure and repair mechanisms in place. This results in them being able to reproduce new normal tissue after chemotherapy.

4.Immunotherapy
Immunotherapy is treatment that uses certain parts of a person’s immune system to fight diseases such as cancer. This can be done in a couple of ways: Stimulating your own immune system to work harder or smarter to attack cancer cells. Giving you immune system components, such as man-made immune system proteins. Some types of immunotherapy are also sometimes called biologic therapy or biotherapy.


5.Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy works by either stopping your brain from telling your body to make testosterone or stopping testosterone from reaching the cancer cells. Prostate cancer cells usually need the hormone testosterone to grow.

6. Stem cell transplants
Stem celltransplants, including peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cord bloodtransplants, can be used to treat cancer. Stem cell transplants are most often used for cancers affecting the blood or immune system, such as leukemia, lymphoma, or multiple myeloma.







Friday, 22 June 2018

Point-Of-Care Testing (POCT)

Purpose of-care testing (POCT) is fundamental for the fast location of analytes close to the patient, which encourages better sickness analysis, observing, and administration. It empowers snappy therapeutic choices, as the sicknesses can be analysed at a beginning period, prompting enhanced wellbeing results for patients by empowering the solid start of treatment. The worldwide POCT showcase is required to develop from US$ 23.16 of every 2016 to US$ 36.96 billion of every 2021 at the compound annual growthrate (CAGR) of 9.8% from 2016 to 2021.
Using a remote system and PC, nurses in numerous hospitals would now be able to get to and get a wide cluster of data ideal from the patient's room. The biosensor is the most critical component of POCT and is directly responsible for the bioanalytical performance of an assay. Several prospective label-free biosensors, such as electrochemical, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), white light reflectance spectroscopy (WLRS), etc., have been developed, and are being used for improved POCT. Complementary technologies, e.g., microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip technologies, system integration, device automation, and signal readout, are providing the desired impetus for continuous improvements in POCT.


Advantages of POCT:
      1.       It creates advances in technology and research
·         Without this model of health there would be little known about how to treat and diagnose illness
      2.       Many common and severe problem can be effectively treated
·         Diseases that would otherwise develop and cause considerable illness or death can be stopped
     3.       Extends life expectancy
     4.       Improves quality of life

Disadvantages of POCT:
     1.       Relies on Professional health workers and technology and is therefore costly
·         Professionals with specialist knowledge needed are expensive to train
·         Technology, equipment and technological developments expensive   
    2.       Not every condition can be treated

    3.       Not always affordable  

Tuesday, 19 June 2018

Pediatric nursing


The Pediatric nursing is the science of child care and scientific treatment of childhood. This branch of medical science deals with the care of children from conception to adolescence in healthcare nursing. Adolescence overweight and obesity is a situation where high amount of body fat negatively affects a child's health or life style. As methods to figure out body fat directly are difficult, the treatment of obesity is often based on BMI. Due to the increasing preponderance of obesity in children and its many adverse effects on health it is being marked as a major public health concern. Health issues with adolescence and youth is the circle of approaches to consulting, preventing, diagnosing or treating young people’s health. The term adolescent and young people are often used conversely, as are the words Adolescent Health and Youth Health.


How Do You Become a Pediatric Nurse?
On the off chance that you might want to wind up a pediatric nurse, it is critical that you delineate the way that you must take from the get-go in your understudy vocation. Pediatric nursing is a remunerating claim to fame inside pediatrics where you will principally give therapeutic care to infants and afterward for youthful patients through immaturity. Since youthful patients are creating, it is critical that nursing experts who work in pediatrics settings know how to treat their patients and how to screen development successfully. If you might want to concentrate to enter this strength region, read on and find out about the means that you must take to gain an expert affirmation.


Nursing Practice : 5 Exciting Technologies

· Wireless Communication Systems Wireless badges or headsets coordinate what were before different specialized strategies —, for exampl...