Thursday, 14 June 2018
Nursing Research and Evidence Based Practice
Evidence Based Practice
Amid the 1980s, the expression "Evidence based medicine" developed to depict the approach that utilized logical proof to decide the best practice. Afterward, the term moved to end up "Evidence based practice" as clinicians other than doctors perceived the significance of logical proof in clinical basic leadership. Different meanings of evidence-based practice (EBP) have risen in the writing, be that as it may, the most generally utilized definition is, "the reliable, unequivocal, and prudent utilization of the current best evidence in settling on choices about the care of individual patients".
Subsequently, experts began to talk about evidence-based healthcare as a process by which research evidence is used in making decisions about a specific population or group of patients. Evidence-based practice and evidence-based healthcare assume that evidence is used in the context of a patient’s preferences and desires, the clinical situation, and the expertise of the clinician. They also expect that healthcare professionals can read, critique, and synthesize research findings and interpret existing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.
What is nursing research?
Nursing research involves systematic inquiry specifically designed to develop, refine, and extend nursing knowledge. As part of a clinical and professional discipline, nurses have a unique body of knowledge that addresses nursing practice, administration, and education. Nurse researchers examine problems of specific concern to nurses and the patients, families, and communities they serve. Nursing research methods may be quantitative, qualitative, or mixed (i.e., triangulated):
• In quantitative studies, researchers use objective, quantifiable data (such as blood pressure or pulse rate) or use a survey instrument to measure knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, or experiences
• Qualitative researchers use methods such as interviews or narrative analyses to help understand a phenomenon
• Triangulated approaches use both quantitative and qualitative methods Regardless of the method they use, researchers must adhere to certain approaches to ensure both the quality and the accuracy of the data and related analyses. The intent of each approach is to answer questions and develop knowledge using the scientific method.
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